[Micro-documentary] Sing a folk song to the party: She "wears" the story of the Shui people getting rid of poverty to Beijing.

  All the willows are surrounded by lush vegetation.

  Occasionally, a few birds, their wings skimming over the water, brought ripples.

  It is not only the vibration of wings that brings ripples, but also melodious folk songs, which complement each other with green waters and green mountains.

  "Deputies to the National People’s Congress sing a folk song for the party, and the sons and daughters of the Shui people are heart to heart, heading for a well-off society and getting rid of poverty … …”

  Folk songs have been circling for a long time, and the singer’s name is Song Shuixian. The local people all know Song Shuixian, and her three identities almost wrote her life:

  The first is the inheritor of ponytail embroidery, a national intangible cultural heritage;

  The second is the person in charge of sandu county Narcissus Horsetail Embroidery Co., Ltd.;

  The third and most important identity: the representative of the 13th National People’s Congress.

  Song Shuixian is showing her ponytail embroidery crafts.

  Ponytail embroiders and dreams all his life.

  Sandu county, Qiannan Prefecture, Guizhou Province, where Song Shuixian lives, is the only autonomous county of Shui nationality in China.

  Shui people have their own culture and beliefs.

  "We Shui people believe in horses, and we embroider ponytails on straps and shoes, which can bless our life." Song Shuixian said that the reason why Shui women embroider with ponytail is that its hard texture can make the pattern have a relief-like three-dimensional sense, and it is not easily deformed, vivid and vivid, hence the name ponytail embroidery.

  In the Shui nationality area, the skill of making ponytail embroidery is often used to judge a woman’s understanding. Song Shuixian recalled that when he was a child, local old people often made fun of them. "You can’t embroider ponytails well, so be careful not to get married."

  Song Shuixian studied ponytail embroidery with his mother at the age of 6. When she was young, like many Shui girls in the stockade, she often got together after work and embroidered flowers, trees and butterflies that she saw during her work.

  At the age of 21, she said goodbye to her mother and married in Bangao Village.

  Bangao Village is a famous "hometown of ponytail embroidery" in the local area. "My husband’s grandmother is a local craftsman who embroidered ponytail embroidery. Her embroidery will be sold in the market and will soon be robbed." Song Shuixian said that grandma had been embroidering ponytail embroidery all her life, and she was fortunate enough to get the true biography of grandma.

  Song Shuixian and embroidered mothers sat around to embroider.

  At that time, farm work in the fields was the main business, just asking for a full meal. Life is not rich, but the burden on her shoulders is not light, but she insists on it. After work, she always sticks to ponytail embroidery. She strives to be perfect in every process, such as rubbing ponytail, wiring, putting flowers and knotting, with delicate stitches, harmonious and beautiful color matching and simple and natural patterns.

  "When I was a child, I embroidered flowers, birds, fish and insects on braces, children’s hats and pointed shoes, which meant good luck." Song Shuixian picked up the embroidery in his hand and began to gush. Even now, the pattern of ponytail embroidery has not changed much. "We just want to put the oldest and most primitive things in Wenchuang products, inherit and innovate, and let more people understand our culture and fall in love with it."

  Song Shuixian is obsessed with national art, and despite the changes of the times, she always adheres to the traditional craft of ponytail embroidery.

  She has embroidered this embroidery for 49 years.

Song Shuixian is sorting out the ponytail embroidery collection.

  The process remains the same, and the original heart does not change.

  "The pattern remains unchanged, the process remains unchanged, and the original intention remains unchanged." Song Shuixian has a firm eye.

  Such firm words have to start from 30 years ago. At that time, ponytail embroidery was still a national skill hidden in the mountains.

  In 1980s, Song Shuixian saw a foreigner spend 500 yuan to buy an old ponytail embroidery with a history of more than 200 years.

  "I was very anxious at that time. In a few decades, all the good things handed down by our ancestors were bought by foreigners. How can the younger generations understand the history of our nation and learn and inherit it!"

  In order to keep the roots of national culture, Song Shuixian began to collect all kinds of old embroidery. In the past, traffic was blocked and information technology was underdeveloped, so it was difficult to grasp the weather conditions. I went out for a day, or I was caught in a downpour, or I couldn’t drink a mouthful of water for hours. "I don’t know how many pairs of shoes are worn out in a year." Although the road to collection is arduous, Song Shuixian has been doing it for more than 30 years.

Song Shuixian and embroidered mothers discuss the design of ponytail embroidery pattern.

  For these "babies", she worked everywhere and saved money. No matter how hard life is, I have never thought of selling my collection. Over the years, Song Shuixian visited the "water town" and collected tens of thousands of old objects of the Shui nationality, including ponytail embroidery treasures of different ages and styles, "Shui Shu" works, old silver ornaments of the Shui nationality and old bronze drums.

  And this move is completely out of love.

  "There are more and more old embroideries acquired. I want to have a place to display and place them, so that our descendants and foreign guests can understand our aquarium culture." In 2010, Song Shuixian vacated his own house and set up the first family museum in the Shui area, which was opened to the public free of charge.

  For the past nine years, these collections have been packed in 89 square meters of wooden houses.

  "Our aquarium ‘ Baby ’ Just put it in 89 square meters, insect prevention, theft prevention and fire protection are all difficult problems. I really hope that there will be a museum to collect them. " In 2018, Song Shuixian was elected as a deputy to the National People’s Congress. She spoke of these difficulties at the two sessions and proposed to build a spacious and bright ponytail embroidery museum.

  This proposal was immediately recognized by everyone. On January 23, 2019, less than one year after the proposal was put forward, with the promotion of governments at all levels, the Mawei Embroidery Heritage Protection Exhibition Center, which integrates exhibition, training and sales, was built in sandu county, Guizhou Province. Since then, tens of thousands of collections have had "new homes".

Song Shuixian is perfecting the suggestions of the two sessions.

  Go to the capital with a mission

  "How’s the embroidery that I took back last time?" "Look, it’s almost finished!" Song Shuixian, who is about to attend the National People’s Congress in Beijing, is still busy at home, because she is worried about the progress of this batch of ponytail embroidery orders, and is talking to the embroidered mother by video to ask about the completion of the embroidery.

  In 2006, Song Shuixian opened the first horsetail embroidery handicraft shop in Sandu County. Six years later, Song Shuixian, who won the title of "the inheritor of ponytail embroidery, a national intangible cultural heritage", registered the store as a company and owned his own brand and a research and development production base for ponytail embroidery products.

  Song Shuixian made up his mind to drive the vast number of rural women of Shui nationality to develop "fingertip economy" through ponytail embroidery, while inheriting and developing ponytail embroidery skills, it also increased their income for many women of Shui nationality. Embroidery mothers get a reward for each embroidery, and well-done embroidery mothers can earn three or four thousand yuan a month, which can lead a good life in the local area.

  Nowadays, she carries out ponytail embroidery training at least once a month, and most of the participants are local Shui women. After learning to make ponytail embroidery, embroidered mothers can cooperate with the company to make embroidery according to the order, and the company is responsible for door-to-door purchase and consignment.

Exquisite horsetail embroidery

  "This flower is embroidered on the wallet, and the color of the wiring can be bold." On May 14th, in Song Shuixian’s model worker innovation studio, Song Shuixian was discussing the design of this batch of embroidery with several embroidered mothers.