Implementing the Global Artificial Intelligence Governance Initiative and Strengthening the Global Governance of Artificial Intelligence

  At present, the international discussion on artificial intelligence continues to heat up, and three major issues have attracted attention:

  Will artificial intelligence open Pandora’s Box?As an unprecedented new field of scientific and technological development, artificial intelligence will undoubtedly bring huge dividends to human development and progress, but it may also bring unpredictable risks and complex challenges. Some experts said that artificial intelligence robots may have "autonomous consciousness" within five years. Different from the previous development of science and technology, artificial intelligence may surpass human wisdom and "eat back" human development. How to minimize the possible negative effects of artificial intelligence is a common problem for all countries.

  Will artificial intelligence aggravate the "development gap"?Artificial intelligence is regarded as the jewel in the crown of human science and technology development. Under the background of the century-old changes and the century-old epidemic, the digital gap between developed and developing countries is deepening. Developing countries may face the dilemma of "digital divide" and "smart divide". In particular, at present, individual countries and some countries draw ideological lines, advocate treating the development of artificial intelligence technology with so-called democratic values, and try to create a new "iron curtain" to deprive other countries of their legitimate development rights, which will undoubtedly aggravate the plight of developing countries. How to make artificial intelligence promote the common development of all countries in the world is the general expectation of the international community, especially the "global south" countries.




  The "Initiative" emphasizes national sovereignty and adheres to the principles of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit, pointing out that all countries, regardless of size, strength and social system, have the right to develop and utilize artificial intelligence on an equal footing. We are opposed to drawing ideological lines or building exclusive groups, creating barriers to development by using technological monopoly and unilateral measures, and manipulating public opinion by using the advantages of artificial intelligence technology to endanger the sovereignty of other countries.

  The "Initiative" adheres to the concept of co-construction, co-construction and sharing, and proposes to build an open, fair and effective governance mechanism to jointly promote artificial intelligence governance. It is proposed to enhance the representation and voice of developing countries in the global governance of artificial intelligence, and support the discussion and establishment of an international artificial intelligence governance institution under the framework of the United Nations. The "Initiative" also puts forward specific principles or suggestions on personal privacy and data protection, data acquisition, algorithm design, technology development, risk level testing and evaluation, and ethical standards.

  Artificial intelligence is a common topic that concerns the fate of all mankind and is faced by all countries in the world. Facing the expectations of the international community, China has put forward the China Plan in a responsible manner, based on China’s practice and China’s experience. China is willing to work with the international community to uphold the concept of joint construction and sharing, and jointly promote the global governance of artificial intelligence, so that artificial intelligence can better empower the development of the world and countries and promote the building of a community of human destiny.

  (The writer is an observer on international issues.)